England’s oldest surviving timber trestle bridge and a military complex built during the Napoleonic Wars among heritage sites now at risk

In 2019 there are 1,462 Grade I and II* listed buildings on the register, along with 2,089 archaeological sites, 913 places of worship, 102 registered parks and gardens, 501 conservation areas, three battlefields and three protected wrecks.

Among those to have come off the list include the wreck of HMS Invincible, a 74-gun warship which sank in the Solent in 1758, which is being removed after three seasons of excavation to record it in detail and remove at-risk artefacts.

The thatched cottage-like Congregational Chapel, Roxton, Bedfordshire, St Bride’s Church, Fleet Street, London, whose Wren steeple inspired the tiered wedding cake, and the Art and Crafts St Andrew’s Church, Roker, Tyne and Wear, with its stunning wall and ceiling murals, have all been saved with repairs.

Sites added to the register in 2019 include the 19th century Dovercourt lighthouses and causeway, Harwich, and Wickham Bishops timber trestle railway viaduct, Maldon, both in Essex.

Leas Lift in Folkestone, Kent, built in 1885, is one of only three remaining water-balanced lifts in the UK but closed in January 2017 due to safety issues with the braking system and has only deteriorated further since then.

The Former Weedon Barracks, Magazine Enclosure in Northamptonshire was constructed as a major depot for arms and ammunition during the Napoleonic Wars and includes several at-risk buildings.

Beckford’s Tower in Bath is being exposed to increasingly severe weather and is suffering from water penetration while Leeds’ Grand Quarter is facing heavy traffic, empty shops and loss of architectural details.

Duncan Wilson, chief executive of Historic England, said: “The message is clear – our heritage needs to be saved and investing in heritage pays.

“It helps to transform the places where we live and work, and which we visit, creating successful and distinctive places for us and for future generations to enjoy. But there’s more work to do.

“There are buildings still on the Heritage at Risk Register that can be rescued and can be brought back to beneficial use and generate an income, contributing to the local community and economy.”